Gauhati University TDC 4th Semester Political Science Answer 

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POL HC 4016 Political Processes and Institutions in Comparative Perspective



I: Approaches to Studying Comparative Politics 

Essential Readings: 

M. Pennington,  (2009)  ‘Theory,  Institutional  and  Comparative  Politics’,  in  J.  Bara  and Pennington.  (eds.)  Comparative  Politics:  Explaining  Democratic  System.  Sage  Publications, New Delhi, pp. 13-40.  

M.  Howard,  (2009)  ‘Culture  in  Comparative  Political  Analysis’,  in  M.  Lichback  and  A. Zuckerman,  pp.  134-  S.  (eds.)  Comparative  Political:  Rationality,  Culture,  and  Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

B. Rosamond, (2005) ‘Political Culture’, in B. Axford, et al. Politics, London: Routledge, pp. 57-81. 

Additional Readings: 

P.  Hall,  Taylor  and C.  Rosemary,  (1996)  ‘Political  Science  and  the  Three  New Institutionalism’, Political Studies. XLIV, pp. 936-957. 

L.  Rakner,  and  R.  Vicky,  (2011)  ‘Institutional  Perspectives’,  in  P.  Burnell,  et  .al.  (eds.) 

Political in the Developing World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 53-70. 

II: Electoral System 

Essential Readings: 

A. Heywood, (2002) ‘Representation, Electoral and Voting’, in Politics. New York: Palgrave, pp. 223-245. 

A.  Evans,  (2009)  ‘Elections  Systems’,  in  J.  Bara  and  M.  Pennington,  (eds.)  Comparative politics. New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. 93-119. 

Additional Reading: 

R.  Moser,  and  S.  Ethan,  (2004)  ‘Mixed  Electoral  Systems  and  Electoral  System  Effects: Controlled Comparison and Cross-national Analysis’, in Electoral Studies.23, pp. 575-599. 

III: Party System 

Essential Readings: 

A. Cole, (2011) ‘Comparative Political Parties: Systems and Organizations’, in J. Ishiyama, and M. Breuning, (eds) 21st Century Political Science: A Reference Book. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, pp. 150-158. 

A.Heywood, (2002) ‘Parties and Party System’, in Politics.  New  York  :  Palgrave,  pp.  247- 268. 

Additional Readings: 

B.  Criddle,  (2003)  ‘Parties  and  Party  System’,  in  R.  Axtmann,  (ed.)  Understanding Democratic Politics: An Introduction. London: Sage Publications, pp. 134-142. 

IV: Nation-state 

Essential Readings: 

W.  O’Conner,  (1994)  ‘A  Nation  is  a  Nation,  is  a  Sate,  isa  Ethnic  Group,  is  a  ...’,  in  J. Hutchinson and A. Smith, (eds.) Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 36-46. 

K. Newton, and J. Deth, (2010) ‘The Development of the Modern State ‘, in Foundations of Comparative Politics: Democracies of the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 13-33. 

Additional Reading: 

A.Heywood, (2002), ‘The State’, in Politics. New York: Palgrave, pp. 85-102 

V. Democratization 

Essential Readings: 

T.  Landman,  (2003)  ‘Transition  to  Democracy’,  in  Issues  and  Methods  of  Comparative Methods: An Introduction. London: Routledge, pp. 185-215. 

K. Newton, and J. Deth, (2010)  ‘Democratic Change  and Persistence’,  in  Foundations  of Comparative Politics: Democracies of the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 53-67. 

J. Haynes, (1999) ‘State and Society’, in The Democratization. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 20-38; 39-63. 

Additional Reading: 

B.  Smith,  (2003)  ‘Democratization  in  the  Third  World’,  in  Understanding  Third  World Politics:Theories of Political Change and Development. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.250-274. 

VI: Federalism 

Essential Readings: 

M. Burgess, (2006) Comparative  Federalism:  Theory  and  Practice. London: Routledge, pp. 135-161. 

R.  Watts,  (2008)  ’Introduction’,  in  Comparing  Federal  Systems.Montreal  and  Kingston: McGill Queen’s University Press, pp. 1-27 

Additional Reading: 

R.  Saxena,  (2011)  ‘Introduction’,  in  Saxena,  R  (eds.)  Varieties  of  Federal  Governance: Major Contemporary Models.New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, pp. xii-x1.



POL HC 4026 Public Policy and Administration in India



Public Policy 

T. Dye, (1984) Understanding Public Policy, 5th Edition. U.S.A: Prentice Hall 

R.B. Denhardt and J.V. Denhardt, (2009) Public Administration, New Delhi: Brooks/Cole J. Anderson, (1975) Public Policy Making. New York: Thomas Nelson and sons Ltd. 

M.  Howlett,  M.  Ramesh,  and  A.  Perl,  (2009),  Studying  Public  Policy:  Policy  Cycles  and Policy subsystems, 3rd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press 

T. Dye, (2002) Understanding Public Policy, New Delhi: Pearson 

Y. Dror, (1989) Public Policy Making Reexamined. Oxford: Transaction Publication 


Satyajit  Singh  and  Pradeep  K.  Sharma  [eds.]  Decentralisation:  Institutions  And  Politics  in Rural India, OUP,2007 

D.  A.  Rondinelli  and  S.Cheema,  Decentralisation  and  Development,  Beverly  Hills:  Sage Publishers, 1983 

N.G.Jayal,  Democracy  and  The  State:  Welfare,  Secular  and  Development  in  Contemporary India, Oxford : Oxford University Press,1999 

Bidyut  Chakrabarty,  Reinventing  Public  Administration:  The  Indian  Experience,  Orient Longman,2007 

Noorjahan Bava, Development Policies and Administration in India, Delhi: Uppal Publishers, 2001 

Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba, The Civic Culture, Boston: Little Brown, 1965 

M.P.Lester,  Political  Participation-  How  and  Why  do  People  Get  Involved  in  Politics Chicago: McNally, 1965 

III. Budget 

Erik-Lane,  J.  (2005)  Public  Administration  and  Public  Management:  The  Principal  Agent Perspective.New York: Routledge 

Henry, N.(1999) Public Administration and Public Affairs. New Jersey:Prentice Hall 

Caiden, N.(2004) ‘ Public Budgeting Amidst Uncertainity and Instability’, in Shafritz, J.M. & Hyde, A.C. (eds.) Classics of Public Administration. Belmont: Wadsworth 

IV Citizen And Administration Interface 

R. Putnam, Making Democracy Work , Princeton University Press, 1993 

Jenkins, R. and Goetz, A.M. (1999) ‘Accounts and Accountability: Theoretical Implications of the Right to Information Movement in India’, in Third World Quarterly. June 

Sharma,  P.K.  &  Devasher,  M.  (2007)  ‘Right  to  Information  in  India’  in  Singh,  S.  and 0Sharma,  P.  (eds.)  Decentralization:  Institutions  and  Politics  in  Rural  India.  New  Delhi: Oxford University Press 

Vasu Deva, E-Governance In India: A Reality, Commonwealth Publishers, 2005 

World Development Report, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 1992. 

M.J.Moon,  The  Evolution  of  Electronic  Government  Among  Municipalities:  Rheoteric  or Reality, American Society For Public Administration, Public Administration Review, Vol 62, Issue 4, July –August 2002 

Pankaj Sharma, E-Governance: The New Age Governance, APH Publishers, 2004 

Pippa  Norris,  Digital  Divide:  Civic  Engagement,  Information  Poverty  and  the  Internet  in Democratic Societies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. 

Stephan  Goldsmith  and  William  D.  Eggers,  Governing  By  Network:  The  New  Shape  of  the Public Sector, Brookings Institution [Washington], 2004 

United Nation Development Programme, Reconceptualising Governance, New York, 1997 Mukhopadyay, A. (2005) ‘Social Audit’, in Seminar. No.551.  

V. Social Welfare Administration 

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen, India, Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995 

J.Dreze  and  Amartya  Sen,  Indian  Development:  Selected  Regional  Perspectives,  Oxford: Clareland Press, 1997 

Reetika Khera- Rural Poverty And Public Distribution System, EPW, Vol-XLVIII, No.45-46, Nov 2013 

Pradeep Chaturvedi [ed.], Women And Food Security: Role Of Panchayats, Concept Publishers, 1997 

National Food Security Mission: nfsm.gov.in/Guidelines/XIIPlan/NFSMXII.pdf 

Jugal  Kishore,  National  Health  Programs  of  India:  National  Policies  and  Legislations, Century Publications, 2005 

K.  Lee  and  Mills,  The  Economic  Of  Health  In  Developing  Countries,  Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1983 

K. Vijaya Kumar, Right to Education Act 2009: Its Implementation as to Social Development in India, Delhi: Akansha Publishers, 2012. 

Marma Mukhopadhyay and Madhu Parhar(ed.) Education in India: Dynamics of Development, Delhi: Shipra Publications, 2007 

Nalini Juneja, Primary Education for All in the City of Mumbai: The Challenge Set By Local Actors', International Institute For Educational Planning, UNESCO: Paris, 2001 

Surendra Munshi and Biju Paul Abraham [eds.] Good Governance, Democratic Societies and Globalisation, Sage Publishers, 2004 

Basu  Rumki  (2015)  Public  Administration  in  India  Mandates,  Performance  and  Future Perspectives, New Delhi, Sterling Publishers



POL HC 4036 Global Politics



I. Globalization – Conceptions and Perspectives  

Understanding Globalization and its Alternative Perspectives 

Essential Readings: 

G. Ritzer, (2010) Globalization: A Basic Text, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 33-62. 

M.  Strager,  (2009)  Globalization:  A  Very  Short  Introduction,  London:  Oxford  University Press, pp. 1-16. 

R.  Keohane  and  J.  Nye  Jr,  (2000)  ‘Globalization:  What’s  New?  What’s  Not?  (And  So What?)’, inForeign Policy, No 118, pp. 104-119. 

Jindal,  N.  &  Kumar,  K.  (2018),  Global  Politics:  Issues  and  Perspectives,  New  Delhi,  Sage Publications 

Additional Reading: 

A. McGrew, (2011) ‘Globalization and Global Politics’, in J. Baylis, S. Smith and P. Owens (eds.) Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 14-31. 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave-McMillan, pp. 1-24. 

W. Ellwood, (2005) The No-nonsense Guide to Globalization, Jaipur: NI-Rawat Publications, pp. 12-23. 

Political: Debates on Sovereignty and Territoriality 

Essential Readings: 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave-McMillan, pp. 112-134. 

R. Keohane, (2000) ‘Sovereignty in International Society’, in D. Held and A. McGrew (eds.) 

The Global Trans-Formations Reader, Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 109-123. 

Additional Reading: 

K.  Shimko,  (2005)  International  Relations:  Perspectives  and  Controversies,  New  York: Houghton Mifflin, pp. 195-219. 

Global Economy: Its Significance and Anchors of Global Political Economy: IMF, 

World Bank, WTO, TNCs 

Essential Readings: 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave-McMillan, pp. 454-479. 

T.  Cohn,  (2009)  Global  Political  Economy:  Theory  and  Practice,  pp.  130-140  (IMF),  208- 218 (WTO). 

R. Picciotto, (2003) ‘A New World Bank for a New Century’, in C. Roe Goddard et al., International Political: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order, Boulder: Lynne Reinner, pp. 341-351. 

A.  Narlikar,  (2005)  The  World  Trade  Organization:  A  Very  Short  Introduction,  New  York: Oxford University Press, pp. 22-98. 

J. Goldstein, (2006) International Relations, New Delhi: Pearson, pp. 392-405 (MNC). 

P. Hirst, G. Thompson and S. Bromley, (2009) Globalization in Question, Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 68-100 (MNC). 

Additional Readings: 

G. Ritzer, (2010) Globalization: A Basic Text, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 180-190. 

F. Lechner and J. Boli (ed.), (2004) The Globalization Reader, London: Blackwell, pp. 236- 239 (WTO). 

D.  Held  et  al,  (1999)  Global  Transformations:  Politics,  Economics  and  Culture,  California: Stanford University Press, pp. 242-282 (MNC). 

T. Cohn, (2009) Global Political Economy, New Delhi: Pearson, pp. 250-323 (MNC). 

Cultural and Technological Dimension 

Essential Readings: 

D. Held and A. McGrew (eds.), (2002) Global Transformations Reader: Politics, Economics and Culture, Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 1-50; 84-91. 

M.  Steger,  (2009)  ‘Globalization:  A  Contested  Concept’,  in  Globalization:  A  Very  Short Introduction, London: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-16. 

A.  Appadurai,  (2000)  ‘Grassroots  Globalization  and  the  Research  Imagination’,  in  Public Culture, Vol. 12(1), pp. 1-19. 

Additional Reading: 

J.  Beynon  and  D.  Dunkerley,  (eds.),  (2012)  Globalisation:  The  Reader,  New  Delhi:  Rawat Publications, pp. 1-19. 

A. Vanaik, (ed.), (2004) Globalization and South Asia: Multidimensional Perspectives, New Delhi: Manohar Publications, pp. 171-191, 192-213, 301-317, 335-357. 

Global Resistances (Global Social Movements and NGOs) 

Essential Readings: 

G. Ritzer, (2010) Globalization: A Basic Text, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 487-504. 

R. O’Brien et al., (2000) Contesting Global Governance: Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-23. 

J.  Fisher, (1998) Non-Governments: NGOs and  Political  Development in  the Third  World, Connecticut: Kumarian Press, pp. 1- 37 (NGO). 

Additional Readings: 

G.  Laxter  and  S.  Halperin  (eds.),  (2003)  Global  Civil  Society  and  Its  Limits,  New  York: Palgrave, pp. 1-21. 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave-McMillan, pp. 150-156 (NGO). 

P. Willets, (2011) ‘Trans-National Actors and International Organizations in Global Politics’, in  J.  Baylis,  S.  Smith  and  P.  Owens  (eds.)  Globalization  of  World  Politics,  New  York: Oxford University Press, pp. 334-342. (NGO) 

II. Contemporary Global Issues 

Ecological Issues: Historical Overview of International Environmental Agreements, Climate Change, Global Commons Debate 

Essential Readings: 

J.  Volger,  (2011)  ‘Environmental  Issues’,  in  J.  Baylis,  S.  Smith  and  P.  Owens  (eds.) Globalization of World Politics, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 348-362. 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave, pp. 383-411. 

N. Carter, (2007) The Politics of Environment: Ideas, Activism, Policy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 13-81. 

Jindal,  N.  &  Kumar,  K.  (2018),  Global  Politics:  Issues  and  Perspectives,  New  Delhi,  Sage Publications 

Additional Readings: 

P. Bidwai, (2011) ‘Durban: Road to Nowhere’, in Economic  and  Political  Weekly,  Vol.46, No. 53, December, pp. 10-12. 

K.Shimko, (2005) International Relations Perspectives and Controversies, New York: Hughton-Mifflin, pp. 317-339. 

Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 

Essential Readings: 

D.  Howlett,  (2011)  ‘Nuclear  Proliferation’,  in  J.  Baylis,  S.  Smith  and  P.  Owens  (eds.) 

Globalization of World Politics, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 384-397. 

P.  Viotti  and  M.  Kauppi,  (2007)  International  Relations  and  World  Politics:  Security, Economy and Identity, New Delhi: Pearson, pp. 238-272. 

Additional Reading: 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave, pp. 264-281. 

International Terrorism: Non-State Actors and State Terrorism; Post 9/11 developments 

Essential Readings: 

P. Viotti and M. Kauppi, (2007) International Relations, New Delhi: Pearson, pp. 276-307. 

A.Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave, pp. 282-301. 

Additional Readings: 

J.  Kiras,  (2011)  ‘Terrorism and Globalization’, in J. Baylis, S. Smith and P. Owens (eds.) 

Globalization of World Politics, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 366-380. 

A. Vanaik, (2007) Masks of Empire, New Delhi: Tulika, pp. 103-128. 


Essential Readings: 

G. Ritzer, (2010) Globalization: A Basic Text, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 298-322. 

S. Castles, (2012) ‘Global Migration’, in B. Chimni and S. Mallavarapu (eds.) International Relations: Perspectives For the Global South, New Delhi: Pearson, pp. 272-285. 

Human Security 

Essential Readings: 

A.  Acharya,  (2011)  ‘Human  Security’,  in  J.  Baylis,  S.  Smith  and  P.  Owens  (eds.) 

Globalization of World Politics, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 480-493. 

S. Tadjbakhsh and A. Chenoy, (2007) Human Security, London: Routledge, pp. 13-19; 123-127; 236-243. 

Additional Reading: 

A. Acharya, (2001) ‘Human Security: East versus West’, in International  Journal,  Vol.  56, no. 3, pp. 442-460. 

III. Global Shifts: Power and Governance 

Essential Readings: 

J. Rosenau, (1992) ‘Governance, Order, and Change in World Politics’, in J. Rosenau, and E. 

Czempiel  (eds.)  Governance  without  Government:  Order  and  Change  in  World  Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-29. 

A.  Kumar  and  D.  Messner  (eds),  (2010)  Power  Shifts  and  Global  Governance:  Challenges from South and North, London: Anthem Press. 

P.  Dicken,  (2007)  Global  Shift:  Mapping  the  Changing  Contours  of  the  World  Economy, 

New York: The Guilford Press. 

J.  Close,  (2001)  ‘The  Global  Shift:  A  quantum  leap  in  human  evolution’,  Available  at 

http://www.stir-global-shift.com/page22.php, Accessed: 19.04.2013.


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Introduction To International Relations
B.A 4th Semester (Regular/Generic Elective)



B.A 4th Semester (Regular/Generic Elective)

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