Paper: SOC-HC-5016 



Unit 1. Karl Marx (5 Weeks) 

• Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich. (1969). Selected Works (Vol. 1). Moscow: Progress 

Publishers. (pp. 13‐15, 16‐80, 98‐106, 142‐174, 502‐506). 

• McLellan, David. (1975). Marx. London: Fontana Press. Introduction, (pp. 7-23). 

Unit 2. Max Weber (3 Weeks) 

• Poggi, Gianfranco. (2006). Weber. Cambridge, UK: Polity. (pp. 1-16) 

• Weber, Max. (1947). The Theory of Social and  Economic Organization. New York: The  Free 

Press. (pp. 87‐123). 

• Weber, Max. (2002). The Protestant Ethic and the  Spirit of  Capitalism (translated by Stephen 

Kalberg). London: Blackwell Publishers. Chapters I, II, III, IV & V, (pp. 3‐54, 103‐126). 

Unit 3.Emile Durkheim (4 Weeks) 

• Durkheim,  Emile.  (1958).  The  Rules  of  Sociological  Method.  New  York:  The  FreePress.  (pp. 

48‐107, 119‐144). 

• Durkheim,  Emile.  (1951).  Suicide:  A  Study  in  Sociology.  New  York:  The  Free  Press.  (pp. 

41‐56, 145‐276). 

• Gane,  Mike.  (1992).  The  Radical  Sociology  of  Durkheim  and  Mauss.  London:  Routledge. 


Suggested Readings: 

• Giddens, Anthony. (1971). Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings 

of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

• Ritzer, George. (1996). Sociological Theory. New York: McGraw Hill Companies. 



Paper: SOC-HC-5026



Unit 1.The Logic of Social Research (2 Weeks) 

a. What is Sociological Research? 

• Gluckman, M. (1978). Introduction. In A. L. Epstein (Ed.).The Craft of Social 

Anthropology. Delhi: Hindustan Publishing Corporation. (pp. xv‐xxiv). 

• Mills,  C.  W.  (1959).The  Sociological  Imagination.  London:  Oxford  University  Press. 

Chapter 1, (pp. 3‐24). 

b. Objectivity in the Social Sciences (4 Weeks) 

• Durkheim,  Emile.  (1958).The  Rules  of  Sociological  Method  .New  York:  The  Free 

Press. Chapter 1, 2 & 6,(pp. 1‐46, 125‐140). 

• Weber,  Max.  (1949).The  Methodology  of  the  Social  Sciences.  New  York:  The  Free 

Press. Foreward and Chapter 2,(pp. 49‐112). 

c. Reflexivity 

• Gouldner, Alvin. (1970).The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology .New York: Basic 

Books. Chapter 13,(pp. 481‐511). 

Unit 2. Methodological Perspectives (3 Weeks) 

a. Comparative Method 

• Beiteille,  A.  (2002).  Sociology:  Essays  on  Approach  and  Method.  New  Delhi: 

Oxford University Press. Chapter 4,(pp. 72‐94). 

• Radcliffe‐Brown,  A.R.  (1958).Methods in Social Anthropology. Delhi: Asia 

Publishing Corporation. Chapter 5,(pp. 91‐108). 

b. Feminist Method 

• Harding, Sandra. (1987). Introduction: Is there a Feminist Method? InSandra 

Harding  (Ed.)  Feminism  and  Methodology:  Social  Science  Issues.  Bloomington: 

Indiana University Press.(pp. 1‐14). 

Unit 3. Modes of Enquiry (2 Weeks) 

a. Theory and Research 

• Merton,  R.K.  (1972).Social  Theory  &  Social  Structure.  Delhi:  Arvind  Publishing 

House. Chapters 4 & 5, (pp. 139‐171). 

b. Analyzing Data: Quantitative and Qualitative 

• Bryman, Alan. (2004).Quantity and Quality in Social Research. New York: 

Routledge. Chapter 2 & 3,(pp. 11‐70).



Paper: SOC-HE-5016



Unit 1. Introduction (3 Weeks) 

a. Tribe- Indigenous debates 

• Haimendorf, C.V.F. (1967). The Position of Tribal Population in India. In Philip Mason 

(Ed.).  India  and  Ceylon:  Unity  and  Diversity.  New  York:  Oxford  University  Press. 

Chapter 9. 

• Hasnain, Nadeem. (1983). Tribal India Today. New Delhi: Harnam Publications. 

Chapter Problems with Concept and Definition of Tribe. 

• Singh, K.S. (1997). The Emerging Tribal Scenario. India International Centre 

Quarterly,24 (1), pp. 85-91. 

• Xaxa,  Virginius.  (1999).  Tribes  as  Indigenous  People  of  India.  Economic  &  Political 

Weekly, 34(51), pp. 3589-3595. 

b. Tribe, Caste and Nation 

• Xaxa, Virginius.(1999). Transformation of Tribes in India: Terms of Discourse. 

Economic and Political Weekly, 34 (24), pp. 1519-1524. 

• Béteille, André. (1986). The concept of tribe with special reference to India.  European 

Journal of Sociology, 27(2), pp. 297-318. 

c. Distribution and concentration of tribal people, Tribal Zones 

• Desai,  A.R.  (1969).  Tribes  in  Transition.  In  A.R.  Desai.  Rural  Sociology  in  India  (5th 

Ed.). Bombay: Popular Prakashan. (pp.221-231). 

• Haimendorf,  Christoph  von  Fürer.  (1982).  Tribes  of  India:  The  Struggle  for  Survival. 

Berkley: University of California Press. Introduction. 

Unit 2. Colonial/Post-Colonial Policies and Tribes (3 Weeks) 

a. Impact of colonial rule on tribal society 

• K.S. Singh. (1978). Colonial Transformation of Tribal Society in Middle India. 

Economic & Political Weekly, 13(30), pp. 1221+1223+1225-1232. 

• Das Gupta, Sanjukta. (2019). Imagining the ‘Tribe’ in Colonial and Post-Independence 

India. Politeja,2(59), pp. 107-121. 

b. Post-Independence scenario: state policies towards tribal development  

• Munshi, Indra. (2004). Verrier Elwin and Tribal Development. In T.B. Subba and Sujit 

Som (Ed.).Between Ethnography and Fiction: Verrier Elwin and the Tribal Question in 

India. New Delhi: Orient Longman. Chapter 3, (pp.27-40). 

• Xaxa,  Virginuis.  (2011).  Tribes  and  Social  Exclusion.  Delhi:  University  of  Delhi. 


• Das Gupta, Sanjukta. (2019). Imagining the ‘Tribe’ in Colonial and Post-Independence 

India. Politeja,2(59), pp. 107-121. 

c. Tribes in India- Development versus Displacement 

• Haimendorf, Christoph von  Fürer. (1982).  Tribes of India: The Struggle  for Survival. 

Berkley: University of California Press. Chapter 1, 2 & 3. 

• Singh, K.S. (1995). The Scheduled Tribes. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. 

Unit 3. Problems of Tribal People (2 Weeks) 

a. Poverty 

• Das, Maitreyi Bordia & Mehta, Soumya Kapoor. (2011). Poverty and Social Exclusion 

in India: Adivasis.    



• Pal, Gobinda C. (2015).Poverty Among Tribals in India: Variations and 

Vulnerabilities. Journal of Social Inclusion Studies, 1(2), pp.91-107. 

b. Land Alienation 

• Haimendorf, Christoph von  Fürer. (1982).  Tribes of India: The Struggle  for Survival. 

Berkley: University of California Press. Chapter 1, 2 & 9. 

• Rupavath,  Ramdas.  (2019).  Tribal  Alienation  and  Conflict  in  India:  A  Perspective 

from Below. Contemporary Voice of Dalit, 11, pp. 194 - 209. 

c. Indebtedness 

• Chaudhuri,  Kalyan.  (1975).  Indebtedness  among  Tribals.  Economic  and  Political 

Weekly, 10(47), p. 1795 

Unit 4. Issues of Integration and Autonomy (4 Weeks) 

a. Social Mobility, Change and integration in Nationalist Discourse 

• Desai, A.R. (1969). Tribes in Transition. In A.R.Desai. Rural Sociology in India (5th 

Ed.). Bombay: Popular Prakashan. (pp.221-231).  

• Haimendorf, Christoph von Fürer. (1982). Tribes of India: The Struggle for 

Survival. Berkley: University of California Press. Chapter 6 & 7. 

• Guha, Abhijit. (2018). Scrutinising the Hindu Method of Tribal Absorption. 

Economic & Political Weekly, 53(17). 

b. Formation of tribal states 

• Mishra,  Kamal  K.  &Jayaprakashan,  G.  (Ed.).  (2012).  Tribal  Movements  in  India: 

Visions of Dr. K.S. Singh. New Delhi: Manohar. Chapter 8. 

• Sema,  H  John.  (2012).  Naga  Politics:  Issues  and  Problems.  The  Indian  Journal  of 

Political Science, 73(2), pp. 331-346. 

c. Tribal Movements in India: Colonial and Post-Independence periods 

• Desai,  A.  R.  (1979).  Peasant  Struggles  in  India.  Bombay:  Oxford  University  Press. 

Chapter 1, 2 & 7. 

• Rao, M.S.A. (1979). Social Movements in India. Delhi: Manohar. Section V. 


• Singh, K.S. (1982). Tribal Movements in India (Vol.I& II). New Delhi: Manohar. 

• Shah,  Ghansham.  (2004).  Social  Movements  in  India:  A  Review  of  Literature.  New 

Delhi: Sage. Chapter 3, (pp.92-117). 


Paper: SOC-HE-5026 



Unit 1. Introduction (2 Weeks) 

a. Meaning, Scope and Nature 

• Kerr, C. et al. (1973). Industrialism and Industrial  Man. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 

Introduction& Chapter 1. 

• Pascal,  Gisbert.  (1972).  Fundamentals  of  Industrial  Sociology.  Bombay:  Tata  McGraw 


b. Basic  Concepts:  Industrialisation,  Urbanization,  Industrial  Society  and  Post-  Industrial 


• Aron, R. (1972). Eighteen Lectures on Industrial Society. London: Weidenfeld and 

Nicolson. Chapter 5, 6 & 7. 

• Bell,  D.  (1976).  The  Coming  of  Post-Industrial  Society.  London:  Heineman,  Introduction, 

Chapter 1, pp.112-119. 

• Kumar, K. (1973). Prophecy and Progress: The Sociology of Industrial and Post-

Industrial. London: Allen Lane, Section 4, pp.112-165. 

Unit 2. Structure of Industrial Society (2 Weeks) 

a. Industrial Bureaucracy 

• Gouldner, A.W. (1954). Patterns of Industrial Bureaucracy. New York: The Free Press. 

• Kumar, K. (1973). Prophecy and Progress: The Sociology of Industrial and Post-

Industrial. London: Allen Lane. Section 3, Chapter6, pp. 95-111. 

b. Labour Relations 

• Child, J. (Ed.). (1973). Man and Organization. London: Allen and Unwin. Chapter 7. 

• Kumar, K. (1973). Prophecy and Progress: The Sociology of Industrial and Post-

Industrial. London: Allen Lane. Section 3, Chapter4, pp. 83-87. 

Unit 3. Industrial Conflict and its resolution (3 Weeks) 

a. Industrial Conflict 

• Child, J. (Ed.). (1973). Man and Organization. London: Allen and Unwin. Chapter 6. 

• Dahrendorf,  Ralph.  (1959).  Class  and  Class  Conflict  in  an  Industrial  Society.  Stanford: 

Stanford University Press. Part 1, II & Part 2, VII. 

• Hyman,  R.  (1975).  Industrial  Relations:  A  Marxist  Introduction.  London:  Macmillan. 

Chapter 7. 

b. Conciliation, Collective Bargaining and Adjudication 

• Cole, R.E. (1973). Japanese Blue Collar. Berkeley: University of California Press. 


c. Trade Union and its functions, Role of Trade Unions in the industry 

• Eldridge,  J.E.T.  (1971).  Sociology  and  Industrial  Life.  London:  Thomas  Nelson.  Part  III, 

Chapter 4. 

• Kennedy, V. D. (1996). Unions, Employers and Government. Bombay: Maniktalas. Chapter 2. 

• Ramaswamy, E. R. (1977). The Worker and his Union. New Delhi: Allied. 

Unit 4.Industrialisation in India (3 Weeks) 

a. History of Industrialization  

• Hambrock,  Jana  and  Hauptmann  –  Socrates,  Sebastian.  (1999).  Industrialisation  In  India. 


b. Labour Policy 

• Punekar,  S.D.  (1966).  Labour  Policy  in  the  Fourth  Plan.  Economic  and  Political  Weekly, 

1(7), pp. 277-280. 

• Singh, Seema. (1993). New Economic Policy in India: Some Implications for Employment 

and Labour Market. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 28(4), pp. 311-326. 

c. Informal Sector 

• Breman, Jan. (1996). Footloose  Labour:  Working  in  India’s  Informal  Economy. 

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 3. 

d. Impact of Globalization 

• Mamkoottam,  K.  (2003).  Labour  and  Change:  Essays  on  Globalization,  Technological 

Change and Labour in India. New Delhi: Response Books. Chapter 2, 3 & 4. 



Paper: SOC-HE-5036  



Unit 1. Introducing Stratification (2 weeks) 

• Béteille, André. (1977). Inequality among Men. London: Blackwell. Chapter 1, (pp. 1-22). 

• Tawney, R. H. (1964). Equality. London: Unwin Books. Chapter 1, (pp. 33-56). 

• Worsley,  Peter.  (1970).Introducing  Sociology  (2nd  Ed.).  Harmondsworth:  Penguin  Books. 

Chapter 8, (pp. 395 – 408). 

Unit 2. Theories of Stratification (5 Weeks) 

a. Marx, Weber and Class 

• Bendix,  Reinhard.  (1974).  Inequality  and  Social  Structure:  A  Comparison  of  Marx  and 

Weber American Sociological Review, 39(2), pp. 149-161. 

• Bottomore, T. B. (1966). Classes in Modern Society. New York: Pantheon Books. Chapters. 

2 & 3, (pp.9-75). 

• McLellan, David. (1995). The Thought of Karl Marx. London: Papermac. Part 2, Chapter 6, 

(pp. 182-194). 

• Weber,  Max,  Gerth,  Hans  Heinrich  and  Mills,  C.  Wright.  (1946).  From  Max  Weber.  New 

York: Oxford University Press. Chapter VII, (pp. 180-195). 

b. Functionalism 

• Davis, Kingsley, and Moore, Wilbert E. (1945). Some Principles of Stratification. 

American Sociological Review,10(2), pp. 242-249. 

• Davis,  Kingsley  &  Moore,  Wilbert  E.  (1953).  Some  Principles  of  Stratification:  Critical 

Analysis: Reply. American Sociological Review,18(4),pp. 394-397. 

• Stinchcombe, Arthur L. (1963). Some Empirical Consequences of the Davis-Moore 

Theory of Stratification. American Sociological Review,28(5), pp. 805-808. 

• Tumin, Melvin M. (1953). Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis. 

American Sociological Review, 18(4), pp. 387-394. 

• Wrong,  Dennis  H.  (1959).  The Functional  Theory  of  Stratification:  Some  Neglected 

Considerations. American Sociological Review,24(6), pp. 772-782. 

Unit 3. Identities and Inequalities (5 Weeks) 

a. Caste, Race and Ethnicity 

• Bailey, F.G. (1963). Closed Social Stratification in India. European Journal of 

Sociology,4(1), pp. 107-124. 

• Jain,  Ravindra  K.  (1996).  Hierarchy,  Hegemony  and  Dominance:  Politics  of  Ethnicity  in 

Uttar Pradesh. Economic and Political Weekly,31(4), pp. 215-223. 

• Omi,  Michael&  Winant,  Howard.  (1986).Racial  Formation  in  the  United  States.  New 

York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Chapters 1 & 4, (pp. 14-24, 57-69). 

• Pitt-Rivers Julian Alfred. (1967). Race Color and Class in Central America and the Andes. 

Daedalus, 96(2), pp. 542-559. 

b. Feminism and Gendered Stratification (2 Weeks) 

• Acker,  Joan.  (1973).  Women  and  Social  Stratification:  A  Case  of  Intellectual  Sexism. 

American Journal of Sociology,78(4), pp. 936-944. 

• Collins, Patricia Hill. (1993). Toward a New Vision: Race, Class, and Gender as 

Categories of Analysis and Connection. Race, Sex & Class,1(1),pp. 25-45. 

• Mitchell,  Juliet.  (1971).  Woman's  Estate.  Harmondsworth:  Penguin.  Chapter  5,  (pp.  99-


Unit 4. Mobility and Reproduction (2 Weeks) 

• Bottero,Wendy.  (2005).  Stratification.  London:  Routledge.  Chapters  12  &  14,(pp.  205-223 

& 246-258). 

• Bourdieu Pierre. (1973). Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction. 





Paper: SOC-HE-5046



Unit 1. Social and Religious (5 Weeks) 

a. Formulating Religious 

• Emile Durkheim. (1995). The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (Translated by Karen E. 

Fields). New York: The Free Press. Book one and Conclusion, (pp. 21-39, 418-440). 

b. Asceticism and Accumulation 

• Max  Weber.  (2001).  The  Protestant  Ethic  and  The  Spirit  Of  Capitalism  (Translated  by 

Stephen Kalberg). England: Roxbury Publishing Press.(pp. 103-126). 

c. Theodicy and Eschatology 

• Max  Weber.  (1978).  Economy  and  Society  (Vol.2).  Edited  by  Guenther  Roth  and  Claus 

Wittich. California: University of California Press. (pp.518-521). 

d. State, Religion and Emancipation 

• Marx, Karl. (2008/9 [1843]). On the Jewish Question.  


e. Religious and Solitude 

• Malinowski,  Bronislaw.  (1948).  Magic,  Science  and  Religion  and  Other  Essays.  Boston: 

The Free Press.(pp.37-50). 

Unit 2. Elements of religious (5 Weeks) 

a. Sacred, Myth, Ritual 

• Emile Durkheim. (1995). The  Elementary Forms of Religious Life (Translated byKaren  E. 

Fields). New York: The Free Press.(Book one, pp. 27-33, Book three, pp. 303-412). 

• Malinowski,  Bronislaw.  (1948).  Magic,  Science  and  Religion  And  Other  Essays.  Boston: 

The Free Press.(pp.119-124). 

• Srinivas, M. N. (1952). Religion and Society among the Coorgs of South India.Clarendon: 

Oxford.(pp. 100-122). 

b. Time-Space 

• E. E. Evans-Pritchard. (1963 [1940]). The Nuer. Oxford: Clarendon Press.(pp. 94-98, 100-108). 

c. Rationality 

• Tambiah, Stanley Jeyaraja. (1990). Magic, Science, Religion and the Scope of 

Rationality.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.(pp. 1-41). 

Unit 3. Techniques of religious (3 Weeks) 

a. Prayer 

• Mauss, Marcel.(2008 [2003]). On prayer. USA: Berghahn Books.(pp. 19-58).   

b. Craft 

• Ginzburg, Carlo. (1991). Ecstasies (Translated by Raymond Rosenthal). New York: Pantheon 

Press.(pp. 1-32). 

c. Body 

• Robert,  Hertz.  (1973  [1909]).The  Pre-eminence  of  the  Right  Hand.  In  Rodney  Needham 

(Ed.).Right and Left: Essays on Dual Symbolic Classification. Chicago: University of Chicago 

Press.(pp. 3-10, 13-14, 16-17, 19-21).