Chapter - 3

Glimpses of the Past

(অতীতৰ আভাস)

Working with the text :

(পাঠৰ সৈতে কাম কৰা:)

Answer the following questions.

(নিম্নলিখিত প্ৰশ্নবোৰৰ উত্তৰ দিয়ক।)

1. Do you think the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events 175?

(আপুনি ভাবেনে যে ভাৰতীয় ৰাজকুমাৰসকলে 175 চনৰ ঘটনাবোৰৰ প্ৰতি তেওঁলোকৰ দৃষ্টিভংগীত অদূৰদৰ্শী আছিল?)

Ans.  Yes, the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1757. They failed to understand the evil intention of the Britishers to capture the whole India by helping them to win small - small battles.

2. How did the East India Company subdue the Indian princes?

(ইষ্ট ইণ্ডিয়া কোম্পানীয়ে ভাৰতীয় ৰাজকুমাৰসকলক কেনেকৈ বশ কৰিলে?)

Ans. The East India Company subdued the Indian princes through their policy of 'divide and rule'. First they extended support to the Indian Kings and later took over their kingdom.

3. Quote the words used by Ram Mohan Roy to say that every religion teachers the same principles.

(ৰাম মোহন ৰয়ে ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা শব্দবোৰ উদ্ধৃত কৰি কওঁক যে প্ৰতিটো ধৰ্মই একে নীতি শিক্ষক।)

Ans. Quote the words used by Ram Mohan Roy to say that every religion teaches the same principles. Ans: Ram Mohan said, “Cows are of different colors, but the colour of their milk is the same. Different teachers have different opinions, but the essence of every religion is the same.”

4. In what ways did the British officers exploit Indians?

(ব্ৰিটিছ বিষয়াসকলে কেনেধৰণে ভাৰতীয়সকলক শোষণ কৰিছিল?)

Ans. The British officers exploited Indians in many ways. They imposed heavy taxes on Indians farmers and reduced import duty on goods manufactured in England and imported to India. Even they cut the thumbs of expert artisans.

5. Name these people.

(এই লোকসকলৰ নাম লওক।)

(i) The ruler who fought pitched battles against the British and died fighting.

(ii) The person who wanted to reform the society.

(iii) The person who recommended the introduction of English education in India.

( যি শাসকে ব্ৰিটিছৰ বিৰুদ্ধে যুঁজ দিছিল আৰু যুঁজ দি মৃত্যুবৰণ কৰিছিল।

( যিজন ব্যক্তিয়ে সমাজৰ সংস্কাৰ কৰিব বিচাৰিছিল।

( যিজন ব্যক্তিয়ে ভাৰতত ইংৰাজী শিক্ষা আৰম্ভ কৰাৰ পৰামৰ্শ দিছিল।)

Ans. (i) Tipu Sultan of Mysore

(ii) Raja Ram Mohan Roy (iii) Lord Macaulay

6. Mention the following.

( নিম্নলিখিতবোৰ উল্লেখ কৰক।)

(i) Two examples of social practices prevailing then.

(ii) Two oppressive policies of the British.

(iii) Two ways in which common people suffered.

(iv) Four reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 War of independence.

( তেতিয়া প্ৰচলিত সামাজিক অনুশীলনৰ দুটা উদাহৰণ।)

( ব্ৰিটিছসকলৰ দুটা অত্যাচাৰী নীতি।)

( সাধাৰণ মানুহে ভুগিব লগা দুটা উপায়।)

( ১৮৫৭ চনৰ স্বাধীনতা যুদ্ধৰ কাৰণ হোৱা অসন্তুষ্টিৰ চাৰিটা কাৰণ।)

Ans. (i) Two social practices prevailing then:

  • Sati: The practice of a widow burning herself on her husband's funeral pyre.
  • Child marriage: Marrying off girls at a young age, often before they reached puberty.

(ii) Two oppressive British policies:

  • Doctrine of Lapse: Annexing princely states if the ruler died without a male heir.
  • Discriminatory Land Revenue Policies: Heavy taxes placed on farmers, leading to indebtedness and poverty.

(iii) Two ways common people suffered:

  • Loss of livelihood: Destruction of traditional Indian industries due to cheap British imports.
  • Famine and poverty: Exploitative land revenue policies and lack of investment in agriculture led to famines and widespread poverty.

(iv) Four reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny (later called the First War of Indian Independence):

  • Social and religious interference: Sepoys resented being forced to convert to Christianity or participate in practices that violated their faith.
  • The greased cartridge issue: Rumors that new rifle cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat, offensive to both Hindu and Muslim sepoys, sparked outrage.
  • Discrimination and humiliation: Sepoys were paid less than their British counterparts and faced racial prejudice.
  • Discontent with British rule: Growing resentment against land policies, economic exploitation, and the erosion of Indian sovereignty fueled the rebellion.

Question Type By - Kishor Nath

Post ID : DABP002329